Gas price upper limit

Why is it not possible to have in the Applied Materials calculator for photovoltaic factories a higher gas price than $14 MMBTU? This are only 5 Cent per kWh thermical energy.

  Gas price upper limit
Why is it not possible to have in the Applied Materials calculator for photovoltaic factories a higher gas price than $14 MMBTU? This are only 5 Cent per kWh thermical energy.






MMBTU is an old not metric unis. MMBTU = 1 Million BTU. MMBTU = 293,06 kWh. The slider on the calculator goes only from $2 to $14 MMBTU. Here an overview what this means.

Price MMBTU US$ 2 US$ 6 US$ 14
kWh thermic US$ 0,007 US$ 0,021 US$ 0,048
kWh thermic 0,005 EUR 0,014 EUR 0,032 EUR
Oil equivalent US$ 10 / Barrel US$ 32 / Barrel US$ 75 / Barrel


The oil equivalent means a barral crude oil has 1580 kWh. How much natural gas is necessary for this 1580 kWh, what is the price?

  The average of the last 20 years


Like the unit MMBTU shows, this is a calculator for US-people and their belife in eternal chaep fossil energy.

According to the IEA, the oil price can be in the next oil crisis above $200. The slider on the calculator should be increased from maximal $14 to maximal $40.



  Renewable energy depends from storage for electric power


Applied Materials wants to sell photovoltaic factories, but why only 80 and not 400 MW for a town with 1 million inhabitants? Without storage technology is not more possible.

US electric power consumption
USA produced 2008 4316 TWh electric power for 305.548.183 inhabitants. This makes an average consumption per inhabitant of 14125 kWh per year.


Natural gas power plant
CCPP reach 58% efficiency at producing electric power, new planned are designed for beyond 60%. Why are in the Applied Materials calculator only 46.7%.


Photovoltaic offer with electricity storage
With electricity storage, it would be possible to offer for 1 million inhabitants instead of 80 MW photovoltaic factrory 400 MW and to save with this 6 times more natural gas.