Replace crude oil by electric power

The amount of electric power to replace an unit of fossile energy can, depending on application, be complete different.

Application Fossil kWh electricity Proportion
Super sports car city traffic 100km 25 l gasoline 15.0 0.60
2 stroke scooter vs electric scooter 100km 4 l gasoline 5.0 1.25
Change heating to heat pump 1 l fuel oil 2.0 2.00
Renault Kangoo city traffic 100km 6.7 l Diesel 14.4 2.15
Renault Kangoo outside town 100km 4.7 l Diesel 19.6 4.17
High temperature for industrial procedures 1 l fuel oil 7,0 7,00
BMW 7 gasoline vs hydrogen 100km 13.7 l gasoline 202.8 14.59
Ship propulsion with hydrogen 1 l heavy oil 15.0 15.00

The amount of electricity to replace 1 litre of a crude oil product differs between 0.6 and 15 kWh. The exteme points are: :
  • High efficient electric propulsion vs huge volume gasoline engine with extreme partial load disadvantage in city traffic
  • Electrolysis, liquefaction and use of hydrogen vs high efficient ship diesel engine.
It's logical, applications where crude oil is replaced with the smallest amount of electric power will be replaced first.

This is the reason why electric super sports car like the Tesla and electric scooters came first on the market.

But with increasing crude oil shortage, raising crude oil prices and decreasing prices for photovoltaic will be the point reached, where for the shipowner hydrogen produced by 15 kWh solar electric power is cheaper the 1 litre heavy oil.
Editorial of PEGE
Important questions about the future, reports and possible solutions. PEGE as an independent analyst of facts and designer of long term strategies outside of short sighted populisms.

Peak Oil
The production of crude oil diminishes. Even the IEA tells this, which was always criticized for prognoses with much more oil production, in a dramatic turn around.

  Energy for the future

Who has energy can solve problems. Examples over methods and magnitudes for the future energy supply of mankind.

Replace crude oil by photovoltaic
From all methods to produce energy is only with photovoltaic the magnitude reachable necessary to solve the problems of humanity.

Scenarios of energy development
Description for the 4 different szenarios of photovoltaik world market development. Explanation for the increasing amount of electric power to replace 1 litre of crude oil.

Photovoltaic 30% yearly increase
Against the prognosis of the Energy Watch Group, reduction of the crude oil production to 39 million barrels a day in 2030, is a 30% increase of the photovoltaic world market not enough.

Photovoltaic world production 50% yearly plus
This szenario shows until 2020 a 50% yearly increase of production and later of 20% per year. To avoid an oil crisis would be a more fast increase better.

War economy: extreme increase of photovoltaic world production
From 2010 to 2014 radical increase of the photovoltaic world production with 200% per year until 1000 GW yearly production is reached, further extension with 10% per year.

Rationality 1992
What would be, if starting with 1992, the year I invented the GEMINI house, the photovoltaic world production would have been increased by 60% per year?

Difference 2018
The prognosis for the crude oil production in 2018 is 63 million barrel per day. How much we pay for this, how hard we are hit by a recession, decides the politic today.

Biomass in the change of time
Biomass is in the present seen as a supplier for energy, but this will change in the future to a supplier of raw material requiring energy for processing.

Biomass wood
The wood ofen will become a luxury, instead of 4,3 kWh heat by burning, we will invest 10 kWh electric power to produce 1,65 methanol from 1 kg wood.

Dessert and dry areas
A sea water desalination system supplied by solar electric power near the shore needs for the photovoltaic only 0.8% of the surface to irrigate with 500mm water a year.

Storage of electric power
The biggest problem of photovoltaic is to bring offer and demand together. Study about possible solutions.

CO2 Carbon dioxide reduction
It is not enough to reduce the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere. It is necessary to reduce the CO2 contained in the atmosphere to the amount in 1900.

5 kWh Lithium batteries per kW photovoltaic
At an fast increase of photovoltaic, it will be soon necessary to store electric power and to feed the power equable in the power grid.

Context description:  crude oil replacement PV photovoltaic solar energy electric power electricity
future supply use usage event events date time month 2 Feb February winter