Replace crude oil by electric power
The amount of electric power to replace an unit of fossile energy can, depending on application, be complete different.
The amount of electricity to replace 1 litre of a crude oil product differs between 0.6 and 15 kWh. The exteme points are: :
This is the reason why electric super sports car like the Tesla and electric scooters came first on the market.
But with increasing crude oil shortage, raising crude oil prices and decreasing prices for photovoltaic will be the point reached, where for the shipowner hydrogen produced by 15 kWh solar electric power is cheaper the 1 litre heavy oil.